Mangrove 9 – Event

Mangrove Nine
Mangrove Nine

The George Padmore Institute in association with the Black Cultural Archives Invite you to a screening of

Mangrove 9

Directed by Franco Rosso Produced by Franco Rosso & John La Rose (1973)

On Tuesday 8th November at 7.00pm
At the Karibu Education Centre
7 Gresham Road, Brixton SW9 7PH [Nearest under or overground – Brixton]

The screening presents the original full version of this historic documentary.
The film will be introduced by Linton Kwesi Johnson of the GPI and Paul Reid of the BCA, and the film will be followed by a discussion led by Ian Macdonald QC,
leading immigration lawyer and one of the barristers at the trial.

Mangrove Nine tells the story of conflict between the police and the black community in Notting Hill at the start of the 1970s. The central incident of the Mangrove affair took place when a deputation of 150 black people protested against long-term police harassment of the popular Mangrove Restaurant in Ladbroke Grove.The protest – policed by 500 police and a plain clothes police photographer – later led to nine arrests and 29 charges. The nine were Barbara Beese, Rupert Boyce, Frank Critchlow, Rhodan Gordon, Darcus Howe, Anthony Innis, Althea Lecointe Jones, Rothwell Kentish, and Godfrey Millett. The charges ranged from making an affray, incitement to riot, assaulting a policeman, to having an offensive weapon. 22 of the charges against the nine were dismissed including all the serious ones. Only seven minor counts were found proven. The high profile trial at the Old Bailey lasted for two months finishing in December 1971 with five of the defendants being completely acquitted. Most strikingly, the case made legal history when it delivered the first judicial acknowledgement of ‘evidence of racial hatred’ in the Metropolitan police force. The Mangrove Nine film portrays interviews with the defendants recorded before the final verdicts were delivered at the trial, as well as contemporary comments from Ian Macdonald and others.

This event is part of the Dream To Change The World Project, a five year
HLF funded project which began at the George Padmore Institute in June 2010. Its purpose is to make available to the public the personal archives of John La Rose, the GPI’s foundng chairman.

The dvd of Mangrove Nine is available from New Beacon Books £6.00 (incl p&p)

For more information contact
George Padmore Institute and New Beacon Books, 76 Stroud Green Road, London N4 3EN; 020 7272 8915/4889


email: info @; newbeaconbooks @

Black Cultural Archives, 1 Othello Close, London SE11 4RE; 020 7582 8516 www.; email: info @


6 thoughts on “Mangrove 9 – Event

  • 29th October 2011 at 4:51 pm

    Oh I would love to come. But I’m in Los Angeles … keep it going!

  • 14th November 2011 at 7:04 am

    How did Mangrove 9 go then, I would have loved to have been there, but unfortunately I live in Britian where we never seem to experience events like this.

  • 21st November 2011 at 3:33 pm

    I would you be able to let me know when the next event is, I would love to come.

  • 22nd November 2011 at 6:52 am

    I love events like this, I just wish I could have been there at Mangrove 9, would love to hear more about how it went.

  • 7th February 2012 at 1:21 pm

    Hi guys, i thought i would just have a small input, to this great forum on Africans.

    Juan Garrido, African Conquistador

    By Amy Howard

    We know quite a bit about Juan Garrido (1487-1547) thanks to his written petition for a pension from the Spanish government. When we add more details from Spanish colonial records, we see a man who led a full and exciting life.

    We know that Garrido fought for Spain in Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Florida, and Mexico. Like the other conquistadors, he was in search of fortune, or at the very least, a comfortable life for his family. He did win some spoils and farmland from conquered natives. He even owned African and Indian slaves. Nevertheless, like most of the treasure-hunting conquistadors, he died poor.

    Unlike his fellow conquistadors, Juan Garrido appears to be the first free black person in the Americas, and he was the first person to grow wheat in the New World.
    Black Conquistadors

    Juan Garrido was not alone. Other black Africans found their way into Spanish society rather than slavery. Many joined the Conquest as soldiers, some in exchange for freedom, others for financial compensation. Sometimes they enjoyed rewards like the Spaniards got, including land, official jobs, and pensions. Often they had to plead their own case in written petitions. The Crown usually acknowledged their petitions, but didn’t always grant them. Regardless of Spain’s reward to them, they all received their share of the loot taken from the Native Americans.
    A Free African-Spaniard

    Juan Garrido was born in 1487 on the west coast of Africa and moved to Lisbon, Portugal as a young man. His freedom among slavers is still a mystery. Historian Ricardo Alegria suspects Garrido’s father was a king who traded with the Portuguese. This theoretical African king may have set young Juan up as a commercial liaison, sending him for a Christian and Portuguese education.

    Other historians presume Garrido was a slave who was granted freedom. This theory comes from the coincidence of his name matching a Spaniard’s on his first voyage to the New World. The fifteen-year-old African boy traveled from Lisbon to Seville, Spain, and in 1503 he joined the convoy to Hispaniola with the island’s newly appointed governor. A Spaniard on the ship with him was named Pedro Garrido. Pedro might have been Juan’s master and Christian namesake. Either way, Juan’s name surely was not Juan in Africa.
    Juan Garrido, Ponce de Leon, and Florida

    Garrido spent six years at Hispaniola watching explorers pillage the New World. The Spanish government allowed the conquistadors to take land, people, and treasure; it was the Crown’s attempt to convert the world to Catholicism. Garrido signed on for the Conquest. In 1508, he joined Juan Ponce de Leon with about fifty conquistadors to look for gold in Puerto Rico. They found it, and Garrido’s life became a thirty-year adventure of exploring, fighting, and looting.

    Ponce de Leon settled Puerto Rico and became its governor. Garrido settled there too, and fought against the natives when they revolted in 1511. When Ponce lost his position to Diego Columbus in 1513, he took Garrido and other soldiers to look for another treasure island. Instead, they found the huge peninsula of Florida. They were not equipped to take on the Florida natives. They claimed it, named it, and planned to return later to conquer it.

    Duty called back in the Caribbean. The Carib Indians were launching ferocious revolts against the Spanish. Garrido scouted the islands with Ponce, “pacifying” (fighting) and enslaving Native Americans. Then it was back to Puerto Rico. Ponce’s wife died and he spent time raising his daughters. Meanwhile, Garrido assisted other small expeditions and mined for gold.

    Ponce and company finally returned to Florida in 1521 with settlers, livestock, supplies, and weapons to control the natives. Florida’s Indians ran the settlers off before they even got settled. Ponce took an arrow shot and rushed to Cuba for medical attention, but Spanish doctors couldn’t save him. He died a month later. Garrido had worked for Ponce for thirteen years.


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